Back, Knee, and Heel Pain: Common Causes and Possible Solutions for Long-term Relief

Updated: Aug 8


Table of Contents

  1. Lower Back Pain/Nerve Pinches

  2. Common Causes

  3. Solution - Lower Back Pain

  4. Knee/Leg/Heel Pain

  5. Knee Pain

  6. Common Causes

  7. Heel Pain

  8. Common Causes

  9. Flat Foot

  10. Common Causes

  11. Solution to Heel/Knee/Leg Pain

  12. Sources


Back pain problems are becoming increasingly common in the community in recent years. Gone is the time when back or knee pain was confined to older aged citizens only. Almost every other person has experienced it sometimes in their life.


A survey conducted in 2019 showed that 39% of the adults aged 18 years or older have experienced back pain issues in the last three months. Indeed, this calls for a need to address this emerging health problem, its causes, and possible management.

Our back is supported by bony structures, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and sensitive nerves. Lower back pain particularly refers to the one in the lumbosacral region, i.e. from the base of the ribs to above your legs.


Anything from physical trauma or occupational activities to age-related degenerative changes in these structures can be the reason you might be having that infuriating back pain.







Lower Back Pain - Nerve Pinches


Before jumping into the causes and management, let's understand the anatomy to know what exactly is a pinched nerve and why does it happen?


A bony structure extending from the neck to the base of the lower back, the vertebral column provides support and posture to the body and even weight distribution.


Intervertebral discs are present alternatively between the vertebrae providing cushion and shock absorption. Each disc consists of an inner gel nucleus pulposes and outer fibro cartilage called annulus fibrosis.


The nerves responsible for all sensations, including pain, exit from the spaces between vertebrae (intervertebral foramina) and distribute throughout the body. Anything putting abnormal pressure on these nerves causes what you call a pinched nerve.



Some of the common causes of this condition are:

  • Disc Herniation- Your intervertebral disc can be bulged and dislocated hence compressing the nerves.




  • Arthritis- An autoimmune inflammatory joint condition causes swelling of joints resulting in increased spinal nerve pressure.



  • Osteophytes- These are the growth of extra bone on the bone ends, which cause the compression of the nerves around them.


  • Osteomyelitis-It is a bone infection that can be either bacterial or fungal, resulting in inflammation of the vertebral bones; hence they may compress the spinal nerves arising from nearby foramen.


  • Spondylolisthesis-A condition resulting from slipping and dislodging of vertebral bone on the lower vertebrae.


  • Narrowing of the Vertebral Column- More precisely, vertebral stenosis can also cause a pinched nerve.


  • Tumours-They is abnormal tissue or bone growth that can compress and pressurize the nerves involving that particular area.



  • Incorrect Posture-It is prevalent mainly among the younger population. Sitting for hours facing the screen with bad posture is a major contributing factor.




Solution for Lower Back Pain - Biosis Custom Lumbar Support.



If you are one who has ever experienced this nuisance, you know that a solution is what we need at the very moment. BIOSIS L1 ergonomic lumbar support is an ergonomically designed polythene cushion designed to mold automatically according to body weight and relieve back pressure.




The curves fit into the natural curvatures of your spine, thus correcting the posture in addition to pain relief and cushion effect. Its four-point support makes it the number one choice for lower back pain and posture correction. Studies have proved the effectiveness of quality lumbar support in back pain relief and management.





Knee Pain



The knee is one of those joints of the body that continuously endure significant stress from the body weight, especially during physical activities like running, bending, aerobics, etc. The disc-shaped structure that you can easily palpate on your knee is a bone patella that is fixed intricately with your thigh bone (femur) above and leg bone(tibia) below through various ligaments and tendons. The joint as a whole is filled with synovial fluid that maintains its motion and flexibility. A number of issues in any or all components can be a reason your knees might be hurting.


Stiffness and pain in the knee joint is undoubtedly a gut-wrenching experience since it hampers even the simplest of tasks making them extremely debilitating. Temporary discomfort or sprains are usually benign, but if your knee pain isn't settling and resolving, it certainly needs to be attended to. With that said, knee joint pain also has a number of risk factors and causes. Let's have a brief insight into them.




Why Does your Knee Hurt?


  • Ligament Sprain or Tear-They usually occur during aggressive physical activity or after a long period of inactivity. Primarily the anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) is involved in it.


  • Patellar Tendinitis-An inflammation of the patellar tendon usually due to overuse injury and recurrent stress.


  • Knee Bursitis- Bursa cushions your knee bone and associated tendons. Its inflammation causes sharp knee pain.


  • Patellar Dislocation- It slides out of the compound joint resulting in pain and inflammation.


  • Gout- The uric acid accumulation in joints causes chronic pain and discomfort.


  • Arthritis-An autoimmune inflammation of the joints causing progressive weathering and depletion, resulting in chronic pain. It is one of the most common etiology of joint pains throughout the body.


  • Meniscus Rupture- Meniscus is a cartilage that provides shock absorption between the shin and thighbone. Any situation causing sudden knee bend, especially while carrying weight, can rupture or damage it.


  • Bakers Cyst- A fluid-filled infectious swelling mostly at the back of the knee is also a painful knee condition. However, it is not very common among non-athletics.


  • Tumors and Malignancy- Osteosarcoma (bone cancer) can also be a reason for knee pain with no apparent underlying pathology or injury.


Heel Pain


Heel pain is usually a sharp tingling pain localized to the end part of the foot. It usually occurs in the morning while you take your first steps or during some physical activity. However, it gets ameliorated by continuous walking throughout the day in most cases.


Some reasons you might be having it are as follows:-


  • Plantar Fasciitis- It is the most common cause of heel pain. Plantar is the term that refers to foot, and fascia is a thick tissue band extending from the heel to foot bones connecting them as well as functioning as a shock absorber. Its inflammation usually causes heel pain.


  • Bursitis- It results in slight continuous pain in the heel.


  • Achilles Tendon Rupture- Trauma or sudden vigorous activity can rupture the Achilles tendon(connecting calf muscles to the heel). You might even hear a pop followed by the affected ability to walk properly.


  • Heel Neuritis- A condition that might result from nerve entrapment due to limited movement.



  • Fracture- Heel fractures, although not very common, can occur and result in pain and swelling

Flat foot



A flat foot is a physical deformity in which the natural arches present below the feet (on the bigger toe side) are lost. Generally called fallen arches, pea planus, and pronated foot, this condition causes the soles of the feet to be in direct or very near direct contact with the ground.

The arches of our feet play an important role in overall weight-bearing and posture maintenance. The spring-like action of these curves or arches acts as a shock absorber and uniform weight distributor, especially during running, jumping, or other physical activities.

  • Congenital - This condition may be congenital due to hereditary causes. It generally runs in families, and the patients in childhood or early adolescence present with painless and mobile flat feet. However, it is most commonly seen in children and progresses over time with age. The severity and discomfort associated with the issue also increase.


  • Acquired - It can also develop later in life due to several reasons, including degeneration of the iliotibial tendon, arthritis, or post-traumatic deformity can also be responsible.


Causes of Flat Foot

Each of our feet contains 26 bones. These are arranged in a highly intricate and organized manner, ensuring functional uniformity. However, a tallus bone ( present inside your ankle joint) is extremely mobile and can easily be dislodged out of the alignment. For easier understanding, you can assume a bridge of stones stacked from the ground above. Any stone dislodged causes the deformation of the whole bridge. This is what the tallus typically causes in the case of a flat foot.

If left unattended, it can cause severe pain, deformity of the ankle joint, and hence degenerative inflammation within all joints of the feet. Hence it is important not to overlook this issue, especially when it causes significant discomfort and problem.



Solution for Knee and Heel Pain Flat Foot Problem


Having continuous or intermittent knee pain is certainly gut-wrenching since it restricts you in so many ways. BIOSIS arc support is the solution to this taxing issue. It acts as a crutch for your joints.


Biosis A1 SuperX Tough is an anti-flat-foot cushion made to adjust according to your feet size. It acts as a shock-absorber and stress-reliever, especially on the heels. The breathable fabric has an extra cushion effect and can be cut according to your shoe size. It is adjustable in all kinds of shoes providing the utmost comfort and long-term relief for flat feet.



Sum Up

Taking appropriate care of your bone and joint health with significantly prevailing back and joint and foot pain issues is essential. If your pain doesn't settle and persists, keen attention should be paid to the issue so that it does not convert into a chronic problem. Moreover, using an appropriate arc and lumbar support is the best option since it not only relieves the pain but also prevents its aggravation.


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Sources


  1. https://www.statista.com/statistics/1256008/share-of-adults-who-experienced-pain-in-the-past-three-months-in-us/

  2. Canbay, S., Gürer, B., Bozkurt, M., Comert, A., Izci, Y., & Başkaya, M. K. (2014). Anatomical relationship and positions of the lumbar and sacral segments of the spinal cord according to the vertebral bodies and the spinal roots. Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 27(2), 227–233. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22253

  3. Samuelsson, K., Björk, M., Erdugan, A. M., Hansson, A. K., & Rustner, B. (2009). The effect of shaped wheelchair cushion and lumbar supports on under-seat pressure, comfort, and pelvic rotation. Disability and rehabilitation. Assistive technology, 4(5), 329–336. https://doi.org/10.1080/17483100902978426

  4. Normand, M. C., Descarreaux, M., Poulin, C., Richer, N., Mailhot, D., Black, P., & Dugas, C. (2005). Biomechanical effects of a lumbar support in a mattress. The Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association, 49(2), 96–101. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1840018/

  5. Agyekum, E. K., & Ma, K. (2015). Heel pain: A systematic review. Chinese journal of traumatology = Zhonghua chuang shang za zhi, 18(3), 164–169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjtee.2015.03.002





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